During the period of interest for the foundation, there were a good many different types of swords in uses by various culltures. The Greek had the kopis and xiphos, the Iberians the La Tène type swords and the later falcata, there were single edged swords in use with the Germanic tribes and the Dacians made use of the dreaded falx against the Romans. This section shows different types of these weapons made for display and re-enactment.
Single edged sword
Germanic single edged sword after a find in Vimose. The hilt is made of oak, the scabbard has been fashioned from strips of ash, which have been glued together to form the scabbard and were subsequently fitted with iron bands. These bands were nailed to the scabbard at the rear, the two bands from which it was suspended go fully around the scabbard before being nailed. Apart from the fully preserved scabbard, the iron fittings in place around the sword have been recovered from several graves.
The Dacian falx was a much feared weapon during the Dacian Wars in the reign of Emperor Trajan. Most likely developed from a farming tool, the falx with it's long handle and wickedly sharp, curved blade was capable of hacking over and around the Roman shields. In the time of the Dacian wars, we see the Roman infantry helmets being fitted with reinforcing iron bands across the top of the bowl. This is something which has been attributed to the succes of the falx in battle.
This saex has been reconstructed with a horn handle, just as the analysis of the original showed. Found in Broechem, Belgium, it is dated 6th century. The blade was made to millimeter accuracy for a graduation project on archeological reconstruction. The solid horn handle was shaped over the tang and the forward portion of the blade by using heat and pressure to deform it. Surprisingly, the tang (also shaped after the original) proved a good fit to the cavity of the horn, suggesting this could well have been the method the handles had been made 1600 years ago.
The Kopis is the standard Greek sword. It's parallel is the Iberian falcata. Both are curve, single edged swords, with only the last portion of the blade double edged. The handle here was made in olivewood, cut to best make use of the natural pattern. Pins are bronze, the guard is iron as in the original. It has been rivited using sunken rivits, after which it was sanded and polished. The grooves were cut using a cold chisel and files.